Home / Advanced Placement / AP Success Tools / Classroom Strategies / Metacognitive skills strategies: Sythesizing Information

Metacognitive skills strategies: Sythesizing Information


To develop students’ ability to manipulate/map information in many different ways for use in AP courses (and other courses) that have a lot of information.


Students can identify the most effective way to map and organize their notes in each class.

Action Steps

Teach students that there are five kinds of concept maps: Spider Maps (similar to mind maps, spider maps start with a single topic at the center and then split into subtopics organized around the center), Flowcharts, Hierarchical Maps or Chronological Maps, and System Maps. Help students understand when each type might be helpful.

Teach students how to use a timeline (and when it might be helpful).

Teach students how to outline information. Many students do NOT know how to create order out of their notes and therefore struggle when they study their notes.


University of North Carolina. (2021) Retrieved August 2021 from https://learningcenter.unc.edu/tips-and-tools/metacognitive-study-strategies/

Are these strategies helpful?